Green design: all the factors to consider
The design of the green area requires the consideration of numerous factors, which are indispensable for creating a garden in a rational and satisfying manner. Obviously, we must start from the consideration of the available budget: the amount of money that can be spent represents the starting point around which to organize the entire design. For this reason, it will be advisable to make a preventive calculation of the costs and expenses to be made, whether the works are carried out independently or whether they are entrusted to external companies. It is important to keep in mind that the creation of a beautiful garden, lush and aesthetically pleasing, may require a rather substantial initial economic investment, which however is repaid when it contributes to increasing the overall value of the home.
The size of the garden
Another fundamental element in the design of the garden concerns the measures: in fact, the size of the area to be treated depends on the choice of style to be adopted, but also on the type of plant species on which to orientate one's purchases. It is evident, in fact, that the seven or eight-meter-high conifers that stand out magnificently in large gardens can hardly fit in a harmonious and balanced manner within a garden of a few square meters; for the latter, therefore, it will be preferable to opt for hedges and bushes, for non-imposing shrubs or, even better, for vines that, growing upwards, allow to save space in a remarkable way and at the same time offer a feeling of depth. . The dimensions affect, as mentioned, also on the style: in the sense that in the presence of very large gardens it could prove to be a winning solution to mix two or three different styles, in such a way as to liven up the environment and avoid making it too flat.
From a practical point of view, the exposure of the soil to the sun is a factor that can influence any decision. In the sense that there are plant species that prefer the cool and the shade and others that, instead, like to receive the rays of the sun directly and do not suffer excessively from the heat: the adoption of some flat rather than others, therefore, will also depend from the position of the garden. Specifically, exposure to the south or south-west ensures full sun for most of the day, but on the other hand requires, for the hottest summer days, the provision of specific shelters to prevent the plants from meeting burns and burns. On the other hand, it is not advisable to have exposure to the east, which although it can rely on the sunlight from the early morning hours, already faces the shadow and the cold in the early afternoon. A "medium" solution, instead, is that of the lands exposed to the north, which are characterized by very gradual transitions from cold to warm (and vice versa): a condition particularly pleasing to the plants, which - as is known - suffer above all from the great changes of temperature.
Climatic conditions: sun, rain and wind
Closely related to sun exposure, obviously, are the climatic conditions, to be taken into consideration when designing the green: because plants that are accustomed to tropical climates will hardly survive in very dry environments, just to give an example. From this point of view, therefore, it will be useful to pay attention to the frequency and abundance of rainfall, the rigidity of winter temperatures, the dryness of summer days and the intensity of the winds. About the latter, we must also check for the presence of hedges and large trees, which represent an obstacle to the wind, or of palaces and walls which, unlike what one would believe, have a negative effect as they determine micro-turbulences consequent to the impact with the gusts. The presence of large trees or buildings, on the other hand, will also affect protection from prying eyes, noise pollution (they could protect from road noise) and the creation of shaded areas.
Electrical outlets and water outlets
Again, it will be advisable to verify the existence or the possibility of installing electrical outlets (if you wish to build a lighting system) and of course the water inlets to be connected to the tap (and eventually to a timer) to create an irrigation system automatic, indispensable above all for wetting the grass early in the morning, and in general if you think you are not able to take care of the maintenance of the environment daily.
A final factor to be considered concerns the need to introduce, within the garden, elements such as tables, benches, chairs, games for children, gazebos, barbecues, etc. this will depend on the functionality that will be attributed to the green space, as well as naturally to the available space.
Green design: You can start
Once all these variables have been taken into consideration, from the design phase it is possible to move on to the action phase, starting to sow the lawn (in the case where it is necessary to start from scratch, but it may also be that the design of the garden simply concerns a garden abandoned or untreated that must be retrained) after removing the weeds by hand or possibly with the help of a herbicide. A mix in equal parts of ryegrass and fescue ensures lush but not excessive growth.