Fruit and Vegetables

Cherry cultivation


The cherry plants they can be bought in nurseries and in some stores specializing in gardening items. Before planting the saplings we have procured and proceeding with their cultivation, it is necessary to prepare the soil properly, so that the plants can find the nutrients they need.A few weeks before the scheduled date of planting (about three or four weeks) it is therefore necessary to proceed with a digging of the chosen soil: during this operation, the soil must be mixed with fine-grained sand (which will improve drainage) and with an organic fertilizer (excellent manure).At the time of planting the trees, it will be necessary to dig into the soil prepared previously a hole large enough to easily contain the roots of the cherry trees (do not remove the soil with which the tree was purchased). Cover the roots with other soil and water for the first time: if the tree is very thin, you can plant a support next to it (like a stick or a cane). Attention: for these trees potted cultivation is not recommended. This type of plants can grow in fact only if planted in the open field.Growth



The cherry needs to have moist soil, and plenty of water available. However, stagnant water must not be created, which would cause the roots to rot and bring the plant to death. It must be borne in mind that it takes a few years before the plant produces the much loved fruits: until the plant is grown up, it is not necessary to prune it. Indeed, pruning when the plant is too young may prove harmful. For the first few years, it is therefore necessary to limit interventions of this type to the elimination of any diseased or dry branches: to do this, you need to use disinfected gardening shears, so that the plant is not then attacked by mold or parasites .
For subsequent pruning (which usually have the purpose of limiting the height of the plant, which otherwise would grow too much), it is good to turn to expert personnel: even when the tree is an adult it remains very sensitive to pruning, and an intervention made badly can affect the health of the plant. It is recommended to also disinfect wounds left on the tree trunk after pruning.
It is also advisable to avoid fertilizing for the first few years: it will be necessary to start administering a nitrogen-rich fertilizer only when the plant has started producing fruit. It is recommended, at that point, to fertilize after each harvest, in order to supply the tree with the energy lost for the production of cherries. Periodically, eliminate the infesting weeds that are born at the base of the trees, and that could be vehicles of fungi, insects and parasites.

Collection


The month of cherry harvesting is usually June: but it all depends on the variety, because some types of fruit ripened in July. However, ripe cherries can be recognized for their bright red color and for the consistency of the pulp, which becomes hard. Harvesting is possible manually (ie by removing the fruits from the branches, being careful not to damage them), but also mechanically: this system is used mainly in industrial crops, but it is not particularly recommended, as it risks damaging tree branches . The harvested cherries can be stored in the refrigerator for about ten days, or used for making preserves and jams.

The diseases



The greatest enemy for our plant is represented by water stagnations, which stifle the roots and make them rot: for this reason, it is necessary to choose a soil that is well draining, and to avoid soaking it during irrigation operations. Periodically, it is also necessary to spray the plants with a copper-based product: this is the only effective treatment against the "monilia", a fungus that attacks the cherry trees.
This type of plant is however also attacked by the so-called "cherry fly", which lays the eggs inside the fruits: in the case in which a state of suffering of the plant due to this insect is noticed, it is necessary to obtain an appropriate insecticide , available in specialized stores.