Rose petals, what they are and how to use them
The Rose is a plant that is part of the Rosaceae family that has many different species. Its bearing and its characteristics vary from species to species, but almost all have elements in common. One of them is the thorns present on the whole stem, particularly resistant and of the same color as it. The flower is a beautiful set of colored petals, velvety to the touch and intensely scented. Despite the contrast of the thorns with a marvelous flower, the rose, regardless of its color, is one of the most completely gifted and cultivated plants. It is useful when you want to use the language of flowers to convey feelings to someone, it is beautiful for ornamental purposes and is endowed with various medical and cosmetic properties.
There are many roses and each has its own color associated with its own perfume, there are red roses whose scientific name is Rosa gallica, the Rosa centifolia whose flower is endowed with white petals or even the Rosa canina, spread spontaneously in many areas of Italy, and so it could go on for other dozens of species.
The rose is not only the one we are commonly used to think of, but there are many species of bushy habitus, which grow wild and color our woods, others with a climbing habit that decorate gardens and verandas, others that create beautiful plants erect, with rather thick stems.
They can almost all be grown in a domestic environment even if they require specific precautions because they are very sensitive to attack by insects and parasites.
The multiplication process generally takes place by cutting.
WHAT ARE PETALS?
The petals of almost all the flowers, including those of roses, are modified and specialized leaves that have been chosen to play a particular role in the course of evolution. The colorful petals are typical of Angiosperms, the most evolved category of plants.
If one were to consider a rose petal, two portions could be distinguished: that which is inserted in the receptacle that takes the name of fingernail and is usually clearer than the rest; the free part that instead is called lamina and takes on different shapes, colors and scents in each species. The role of the petals, which together form the corolla, is to protect the most delicate parts of the plant, the fertile parts, the reproductive organs.
The colors and scents of the petals are not details set by nature by chance, but they also have the duty to intervene, even if indirectly, in the reproductive process. The roses, in fact, take advantage of what is called entomogamous pollination, which is what happens by insects. These are not able to understand that their role is to encourage the reproduction of a plant, so it develops strategies to attract them to itself, as well as differentiate structures suitable to facilitate the whole. The pleasant scent and the bright colors are used precisely to attract pollinating insects, allowing themselves more opportunities to reproduce and propagate the species.
Although roses are usually beautiful to look at in a vase or in the garden, you have to get used to the idea that the petals can be used, and not only, for their particular properties.
They contain important elements for our health that could be used as a substitute for common pharmaceutical products. Among the prominent substances we find vitamin B, C and K; the first one is important for the correct functioning of the nervous system, the second one is a stimulant for the immune defenses while the third one plays, in our body, an anti-haemorrhagic activity and is also linked to the calcification processes of the bones.
Other positive elements contained within the rose petals are potassium and calcium, fundamental for the functioning of the transmission of nerve impulses.
All of these properties can be exploited to alleviate the nuisances caused by flu and cough; to treat sore throats, bronchitis and general seasonal ailments.
Rose petals: HOW TO USE THEM
The rose petals lend themselves to being used in the kitchen, in the field of cosmetics, as a perfume for environments and to cure minor ailments.
Specifically, tasty salads can be created in which, in addition to herbs and wild flowers (which are used for this purpose especially in northern Italy) rose petals can be added which will have both the role of flavoring and that of giving taste to the dish .
Very often they are inserted into works of the confectionery industry as a decoration, perhaps after being caramelized.
One of the methods used to eliminate the discomfort associated with colds, such as sore throat, cough and stuffy nose, involves boiling the petals in water for about 15-20 minutes, so as to aromatize it; it will then be placed, still very hot, in a container inside the room where the sick person is. This sort of infusion can be filtered, sweetened and drunk for the same purpose as if it were a tea.
Rose petals are also widely used in the cosmetic industry especially those of Rosa mosqueta, which are associated with soothing and moisturizing properties, for the production of creams, oils and perfumes.
Why then deprive oneself of its relaxing properties used in aromatherapy? in this regard it is advisable to fill the bathtub with hot water and insert the rose petals inside to then let yourself be pampered by them.